The American Dietetic Association has published new evidence-based practice guidelines on nutrition treatment for registered dietitians who treat people with chronic kidney disease.

The focus of ADA’s practice guideline is on medical nutrition therapy for adults with chronic kidney disease stages 1 – 5, including post-kidney transplant but who are not on dialysis.

The primary goals of medical nutrition therapy for patients with chronic kidney disease are to “prevent and treat protein-energy malnutrition, mineral and electrolyte disorders” and to minimize the impact of other conditions on the progression of kidney disease, including calorie intake, protein, anemia, diabetes, obesity, hypertension and disorders of lipid metabolism, among others.

“The registered dietitian plays an integral role on the interdisciplinary care team by determining the optimal nutrition prescription and developing the nutrition care plan for patients undergoing therapy for chronic kidney disease,” according to ADA’s guideline.

ADA’s guidelines support the use of evidence-based practice by RDs to improve the quality of care they provide to clients and patients. Guidelines are developed by expert work groups that include experienced practitioners and researchers and are reviewed by multidisciplinary teams consisting of health professionals such as RDs, physicians, pharmacists and registered nurses.